英語表現理解に辞書をどう役立てるか   :   How to Make Better Use Of Dictionaries in Understanding English Expressions 

タイトル (ヨミ) エイゴ ヒョウゲン リカイ ニ ジショ オ ドウ ヤクダテルカ
作成者 村田, 年
作成者の別表記 Murata, Minoru
日本十進分類法 (NDC) 833
内容 In this paper I will present how Japanese learners or users of English will be able to understand English expressions by using dictionaries. This is not a quantitative, but qualitative discussion. I compared Japanese translations with the original sentences, taken from an essay and two novels, and tried to grasp the process through which Japanese translators of English comprehended English expressions. As often pointed out, Japanese translators tended to translate English sentences by putting nouns, especially abstract nouns, into Japanese verbal nouns. Also, even when they translated English adjectives, they sometimes used verbals instead of equivalent adjectives in Japanese. I found this verbalization more often than I had expected before starting the comparison. Understanding the meaning and usage of verbs is often different from the cases of nouns and adjectives. In the case of verbs, merely consulting a dictionary may not be enough to understand the usage. It is necessary to use previously acquired knowledge on grammatical rules such as participial construction. We find so many errors in the Japanese translations from English essays and novels by professional translators. I believe that we can minimize such errors by consulting dictionaries whenever we feel a slight doubt about the meaning or usage of some English expressions. Connotations, especially, tend to be language-specific and culture-dependent, so that consulting dictionaries will help Japanese learners and users of English find appropriate Japanese expressions.
公開者 千葉大学外国語センター
公開者 (ヨミ) チバ ダイガク ガイコクゴ センター
公開者の別表記 Center for Foreign languages
作成日付 2000-12-27
コンテンツの種類 紀要論文 Departmental Bulletin Paper
DCMI資源タイプ text
ファイル形式 application/pdf
資源識別子 11
NCID AN10532524
掲載誌情報 言語文化論叢 Vol.7 page.101-114 (2000-12-27)
情報源 Papers on languages and cultures
言語 日本語
著者版フラグ publisher

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