A Magnificent Plan on Reclaiming the Great Northwest China-the Tentative Preliminary Study on the Transfer of Water and Power from South to North in the Western Part of China 

作成者 Chen, Chuanyou
日本十進分類法 (NDC) 519, 452
内容 研究概要:There are abundant land, Mineral and energy resources in the Great Northwest China. However, the ecological envirotiment there is also fragile. Lack of water is the key problem affecting the local economic development. The six provinces and autonomous regions in the Great Northwest China have a total area of 4.2 million km^2 and a population no more than 100 million. There is a boundless stretch of land where the arable land amounts to several million hectares with enormous potential of agricultural production as long as water is supplied. This potential should present the only functional way to alleviate the grain and meat shortage in China and the over-dense population in the eastern part of China in the 21^<st> century. CoaL petroleum, natural gas and nonferrous metal resources in the Great Northwest China occupy a decisive position in China. The proved reserves of coal is 160 billion ton which is 160 times the annual coal output of whole China. According to the cooperative survey with U. S. by means of seismic exploration and analysis, the reseive of natural gas is expected to be 300 billion m^3, and the proved reserve of potassium, magnesium, sodium and barium salt ore ranks first in China, If the problem of water shortage can be solved, the Great Northwest China will become the bases of energy, raw materials, heavy chemical industry, petrol-chemical industry and salt chemical industiy in China. Petroleum will possibly become the major product for export and earn large amount of foreign currency for China. There exist drought, water deficit and fragile ecological environment in the Great Northwest China. If proper policy of land reclamation is not adopted, the sustainable development in that region is impossible and, as a result, the development in the eastern part of China should be affected greatly. The Yaluzangbu River in Tibet is rich in water resources and hydropower, awaiting to be exploited for water and electricity supply to turn t
コンテンツの種類 研究報告書 Research Paper
掲載誌情報 Proceedings of the international symposium on hydro-environment in Asia page.139-140 (1997)
言語 英語

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