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MECHANISM OF CELL DEATH BY POLYAMINE ACCUMULATION 

作成者 Auayporn, Apirakaramwong
キーワード等 Cell death, polyamine, Escherichia coli
日本十進分類法 (NDC) 499
内容 学位:千大院薬博甲第106号
抄録:The mechanism of cell death by polyamine accumulation has been studied. The accumulation of spermidine leads to a decrease in cell viability and to a decrease in the synthesis of ribosome modulation factor (RMF) and of the cation-selective porin OmpC. RMF is involved in stabilization of ribosomes during the transition from exponential growth to the stationary phase in Escherichia coli, and it is necessary for cell viability. The enhancement of cell death by OmpC deficiency caused by RMF deficiency was investigated. The ompC mutant by itself did not affect protein synthesis or cell viability, but the double rmf ompC mutant produced a much larger decrease in protein synthesis and cell viability than did the single rmf mutant. There was also a decrease in the amount of ribosomes and in the Mg^<2+> content in the double rmf ompC mutant, and cell viability could be partially restored by the addition of Mg^<2+> to the growth medium. RMF deficiency was found to inhibit the synthesis of another cation-selective porin OmpF. Thus, the double rmf ompC mutant is deficient in both OmpC and OmpF, which probably accounts for the pronounced decrease in Mg^<2+> uptake in this mutant. The results indicate that both RMF and Mg^<2+>, acting through stabilization of ribosomes, are important for cell viability at the stationary growth phase. The mechanism of cell death caused by spermidine overaccumulation was further examined by using the spermidine acetyltransferase (SAT) gene-deficient mutant CAG2242. The growth of E. coli CAG2242 in LB medium was normal in the presence and absence of 2 mM or 4 mM spermidine.

コンテンツの種類 博士論文 Doctoral Thesis
DCMI資源タイプ text
ファイル形式 application/pdf
ハンドルURL http://mitizane.ll.chiba-u.jp/meta-bin/mt-pdetail.cgi?cd=00022532
フルテキストへのリンク http://mitizane.ll.chiba-u.jp/metadb/up/assist1/Y_K-004.pdf
言語 英語


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Cell death
polyamine
Escherichia coli