正常児と精神薄弱児の3選択弁別移行学習における誤り要因分析   :   Analysis of Error Factors in the Three-Alternative Discrimination Learning of Normal and Mentally Retarded Children 

作成者 松田, 伯彦, 松田, 文子
作成者の別表記 Matsuda, Michihiko, Matsuda, Fumiko
日本十進分類法 (NDC) 370
内容 We applied our model of error factors to analyze of processes of the inter-dimensional or intra-dimensional shift learning of the three-alternative discrimination learning in normal and mentally retarded children and to clarify differences in response patterns among three reinforcement combinations, RW, RN, and NW (Matsuda & Matsuda, 1974). The results were as follows: 1. The greatest source of inhibiting the shift learning was the Preference of the correct color and/or the Dislike of the incorrect color in the original learning. The Preference and/or the Dislike was stronger in mentally retarded than in normal children, in the inter-dimensional than in intra-dimensional shift learning, and in RN than in RW and in RW than in NW. It seems that the R in the shift learning had the function of the partial reinforcement for the correct value in the original learning, that in the shift learning W was the most important to inhibit the correct value in the original learning, and that it is more difficult for mentally retarded children to inhibit it because of their perseverative tendency. 2. As well as in the original learning, Alternation with respect to position inhibited fairly the shift learning. 3. In the inter-dimensional learning, Win-stay-lose-shift with respect to position was considerably strong. 4. In RN, stereotypical responses were often observed.
公開者 千葉大学教育学部
コンテンツの種類 紀要論文 Departmental Bulletin Paper
DCMI資源タイプ text
ファイル形式 application/pdf
ISSN 0577-6856
NCID AN00179512
掲載誌情報 千葉大学教育学部研究紀要. 第1部 Vol.24 page.45-51 (19751226)
情報源 Bulletin of the Faculty of Education, Chiba University. Part I
言語 日本語
著者版フラグ publisher

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