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幼児の弁別移行学習におよぼす言語強化の組合わせの効果(第1部)   :   The Effects of Verbal Reinforcement Combinations on Discrimination Shift Learning in Infants(PART I) 

作成者 松田, 伯彦
作成者の別表記 Matsuda, Michihiko
日本十進分類法 (NDC) 371.45
内容 This experiment was designed to examine the effects of vebal reinforcement combinations on discrimination shift learning in infants. S was in front of him a series of apair of figures which were two of three kinds, namely, circle, triangle, and squre, each of which was painted red, green, or yellow at ramdom, and was asked to choose a figure from eachpair which he thought correct. One of three colors was ramdomly sets as the correct value. We set 9 trials as one block and defined the criterion of learning as the state of all correct responses in a block. After the Ss had reached the criterion, in which one of three colors was the correct stimulus, a half of them learned the discrimination shift learning to the criterion, in which another color was the correct stimulus (color → color group). The other half of them learned the discrimination shift learning to the criterion, in which one of three forms was the correct stimulus (color → form group). Besides three combinations of verbal reinfocement, that is, Right-Wrong (RW), Right-Nothing (RN), and Nothing-Wrong (NW), there were also RNw and NrW that were RN and NW in which S was instructed about meaning of Nothing before the begining of learning. The results as were follows : 1. In the discrimination learning Ss under RW learned significantly slower than Ss under RNw, NW, and RN. 2. Under RW and RNw in the discrimination shift learning, median numbers of trials to the criterion in color → color group were significantly larger those in color-form group. 3. As a whole median numbers of trials to the criterion in discrimination shift learning in color → color group was larger than those in color → form group. 4. As a whole the percentages of shift in color-color group was significantly larger than those in color-form group. 5. Spearman's rank order correlation coefficients between numbers of trials to the criterion of learning in the discrimination learning and numbers trials to the criterion of learning in the discrimination shift learning were positively s
公開者 千葉大学教育学部
コンテンツの種類 紀要論文 Departmental Bulletin Paper
DCMI資源タイプ text
ファイル形式 application/pdf
ハンドルURL http://mitizane.ll.chiba-u.jp/meta-bin/mt-pdetail.cgi?cd=00025692
ISSN 0577-6856
NCID AN00142727
掲載誌情報 千葉大学教育学部研究紀要 Vol.18 page.25-33 (19690700)
フルテキストへのリンク http://mitizane.ll.chiba-u.jp/metadb/up/AN00142727/KJ00004240797.pdf
情報源 Bulletin of the Faculty of Education, Chiba University
言語 日本語
著者版フラグ publisher


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