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児童の感覚運動学習におよぼす言語強化の組合わせの効果(第1部)   :   The Effects of Verbal Reinforcement Combinations on Sensory-motor Learning in Normal Children(PART I) 

作成者 松田, 伯彦
作成者の別表記 Matsuda, Michihiko
日本十進分類法 (NDC) 371.45
内容 These three experiments were designed to examine the effects of verbal reinforcement combinations on one of sensory-motor learnings, that is, maze learning, in the 2nd grade normal children. In the experiment 1, two alternative maze with 9 choice units as Maze A was used, and in the experiment 2, three alternative maze with 9 choice units as Maze B was used. Ss learned one of the mazes under the condition of closed eyes or under the condition of open eyes. In the experiment 3, two alternative maze with 7 choice units as Maze C was used and Ss learned the maze under the condition of closed eyes. In each choice points Ss were asked to choose one of two or three alternatives which they thought correct and to make their finger run along the chosen way of the maze. One of two or three alternatives was set as correct value. After each chose Ss were reinforced according to the conditions of combinations of verbal reinforcement, that is, RW, RN and NW. We defined the criterion of learning as the state of all correct responses in a trial with 9 or 7 choice points. After the acquisition, 10 trials were continued without any reinforcement, that is, extinction. The results were as follows : 1. In the experiment 1. it was observed that the learning was easier under the condition of open eyes than under the condition of closed eyes. The difference between rates of error responses under the condition of open eyes and those under the condition of closed eyes increased with trials. There was a tendency that RW and NW were more effective than RN on learning. The rates of rerror responses in extinction suggested that N was scarecely effective in all groups except NW group under the condition of closed eyes. 2. In the experiment 2, there was a tendency that learning under the condition of open eyes was easier than under the condition of closed eyes. RW was more effective than RN and NW, but the difference was not significant. 3. In the experiment 3, NW was less effective than RW and RN, and it seems that N acquired neither positive
公開者 千葉大学教育学部
コンテンツの種類 紀要論文 Departmental Bulletin Paper
DCMI資源タイプ text
ファイル形式 application/pdf
ハンドルURL http://mitizane.ll.chiba-u.jp/meta-bin/mt-pdetail.cgi?cd=00025737
ISSN 0577-6856
NCID AN00142727
掲載誌情報 千葉大学教育学部研究紀要 Vol.20 page.51-65 (19710731)
フルテキストへのリンク http://mitizane.ll.chiba-u.jp/metadb/up/AN00142727/KJ00004239783.pdf
情報源 Bulletin of the Faculty of Education, Chiba University
言語 日本語
著者版フラグ publisher


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