青果行商に関する調査 : I.大都市近郊における青果物流通の一形態   :   Surveys on the Peddlers of Agricultural Products in Japan : I. On the Vegetable Circulating Types by Peddlers in the City and Suburban Districts 

作成者 山田, 稔
作成者 (ヨミ) ヤマダ, ミノル
作成者の別表記 YAMADA, Minoru
日本十進分類法 (NDC) 611, 670
内容 大都市近郊における農産物流通の一形態として行商の実態について調査した.その結果を要約すれば次のようである.1.行商成立の条件は, 農業経営内における余剰労働力の利用による収益の増大であったが, 現在では農家経済の不況による収益の増大えと変ってきている.2.栽培技術に統一性がみられないのは, 行商作物作付規模の零細性によるものとみられる.3.朝市に出荷される行商品は, 品質的に中物が多い.4.行商者と顧客の人間関係は密接であるから行の永続性が考えられる.5.行商者は顧客を40戸もっているが, 1日に訪問しうる戸数は20戸である。6.行商者の大半は団地や住宅街を訪問している.7.農産物の商品としての性格は, 果菜類の比重が高く, 他のそ菜は従的なものである.8.1回あたりの購入金額は顧客の生活水準によって影響される.9.行商の形態によって売上高に差があらわれるのは, 行商の農家経済に対する依存度によって影響される.10.行商の将来は, 世代の交替が行なわれていないこと, 労働力の不足によって, 発展はあまり望めない.
Surveys on the Peddlers of Agricultural Products in Japan. I. On the Vegetable Circulating Types by Peddlers in the City and Suburban Districts. M. YAMADA. Faculty of Horticulture, Chiba University, Matsudo, Japan. Tech. Bull. Fac. Hort. Chiba Univ. No.15: 83〜100, 1967. This survey was made to obtain economical data concerning the vegetable peddling, one of the types for circulating vegetables in the city and suburban districts. Hitherto, the vegetable peddling has been made to increase agricultural profits making use of the surplus labour in the farm managements. More recently, however, this condition has been altering into "forced" peddling, whether willing or not, because of the depression in the farm economy. It seems that the growing of many kinds of peddling crops by peddlers in a small scale gives a wide variety in the growing system of crops and techniques of peddling growers. If there is an excess of products which can not be peddled, the products of medium quality are shipped to the local morning markets and those of high quality to the central wholesale markets in the city. It was found that a peddler having approximately 40 customers in the city could peddle at least 20 customers in a day. The amounts of purchase by one customer is influenced by their living standards, and amounts of sales by peddlers are determined by the difference in degree of dependence of each grower on peddling, in other words, determined by the percentage of peddling to the farm economy of each grower. It is noted in this survey that the human relation between customers and peddlers is so close that their perpetual relations exist. However, it appears that the satisfactory development of peddling in the future will be hopeless, owing to the shortage of labour, higher costs of peddling, and few successors of agriculture in Japan.

公開者 千葉大学園芸学部
コンテンツの種類 紀要論文 Departmental Bulletin Paper
DCMI資源タイプ text
ファイル形式 application/pdf
ISSN 0069-3227
NCID AN00142658
掲載誌情報 千葉大学園芸学部学術報告 Vol.15 page.83-100 (19671231)
情報源 The technical bulletin of Faculty of Horticulture, Chiba University
言語 日本語
著者版フラグ publisher

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