農業・非農業間所得格差逆転過程における主要農業労働力移動機構の変動   :   Change in the Mechanism of the Reduction of Agricultural Main Labor in Last Two Decades 

作成者 宮本, 正之
作成者 (ヨミ) ミヤモト, マサユキ
作成者の別表記 MIYAMOTO, Masayuki
日本十進分類法 (NDC) 611
内容 Generally speaking, the labor migration among industries is caused from an income-diffrence and or a job opportunity. Although the per-capita income of the farm families exceeded to that of the non-farm families recently in Japan, the number of agricultural main labor still has been decreasing. The purpose of this paper is to analyse the movement of the functions which seems to be related with the labor reduction, and to make clear the farmer's behaviors for the migration during last two decades. The results obtained are as follows; 1) There is three periods of time which are divided by relative per-capita income (fig.2). In each of the period, many statistical indicators regarding a mechanism in this subject have shown paticular movement to reducing tendency. 2) The ratio, the effective job-offer to the migration of agricultural main labor, did not have any meaning at present, but some relations of working hours of farm families in non-farm sectors with the ratio were observed (fig.6). 3) In this study, the first period was from 1962 to 1971. During this period, the relative percapita income of farm families was still lower than that of non-farm families. Under this situation, the farm families have sought new jobs out of their own farms for betterment of their living standards. And it is realized that it could be done by increasing investments for machinery and by making efficient of labor productivity inside of their farms. 4) The second period ('72-'75) was a period of filling up their standard of living, that is, the ratio of per-capita disposable income of farm families to that of non-farm families in this period was increased from 100.9 0n 1972 to their satisfactory level, 113.1-1073776000n 1975 (fig.2). During the second preiod, agricultural main labor was reducing too, but the speed of the reduction was slow down and the elasticity of labor to income becomes more rigid. However, there was few additional investments for farm machinary, while the labor productivity was continuing to increase as was in the
公開者 千葉大学園芸学部
コンテンツの種類 紀要論文 Departmental Bulletin Paper
DCMI資源タイプ text
ファイル形式 application/pdf
ISSN 0069-3227
NCID AN00142658
掲載誌情報 千葉大学園芸学部学術報告 Vol.33 page.41-50 (19840330)
情報源 The technical bulletin of Faculty of Horticulture, Chiba University
言語 日本語
著者版フラグ publisher

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