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東京近郊における畜産業の現状と展望 : 千葉県船橋市を事例として   :   An Economic Analysis of Animal Husbandry in a Large Urban Area of Tokyo : A case study from Funabashi 

作成者 李, 淑雲, 宮本, 正之, 小林, 康平
作成者 (ヨミ) ミヤモト, マサユキ
作成者の別表記 LI, Shu Yun, MIYAMOTO, Masayuki, KOBAYASHI, Kohei
日本十進分類法 (NDC) 620
内容 船橋市は東京近郊に位置し, かつては東京市民に対する畜産物供給地として生産物を有利に販売し, 農家は高い収益をあげてきた.ところが, 高度経済成長期を通じて離農と農地の宅地転換が進み, 一帯は都市住民のベット・タウンと化した.今日まで残った少数の畜産農家は孤立し, 畜舎や飼料畑は都市住民の住宅に囲まれ, しばしば公害や環境汚染の元凶と忌み嫌われるようになった.加えて, 畜産物は国内生産と輸入量の増加で過剰傾向にあり, 生産者価格は低迷している.こういう環境で農業を維持していくためには, 広い農地が確保されていて, そこで飼養頭羽数規模を拡大し, 高い収益をあげることが必要である.本研究の分析結果では, 酪農経営では32〜40頭規模で年間農業所得882万円, 養豚経営では育成豚1, 548頭規模で同881万円, 義鶏経営では採卵鶏12, 500羽規模で同664万円を得て, これらの経営では都都勤労世帯の所得を上まわり, 将来もこの地で経営が維持されていくであろうと推測される.だが, 乳牛飼養頭数25頭以下の経営, 採卵鶏1万羽以下の養鶏, 肥育豚の生産頭数1, 000頭以下の経営規模ではむずかしいと思われる.
1. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the economic performance of dairy, pork and poultry farmers in a Tokyo large urban area, and forecast whether they can continue to farm there. Fifteen dairy, three pork and two poultry farmers in Funabashi city in Chiba prefecture were selected, and their economic performance for one year from October 1984 to September 1985 was analysed. 2. A group of seven dairy farmers (qroup A) who milk 32-40 cows earn an average farm income of 8, 823, 000 Yen per year. This is much larger than the yearly income of salaried city workers in this area. However, the second group (B) of eight dairy farmers who milk 13-29 cows earn an average 3, 434, 000 Yen. This is much lower than salaried city workers. These results suggest that the farmers in group A make sufficient income to remain in the area but the incomes of farmers in group B are too low to remain farming in the future. 3. The two pork farmers collect food leftovers from restaurantes and/or cafeterias of large hotels, hospitals and other institutions in the Tokyo metropolitan area at virtually no cost. This is fed to their fattening pige. The only expences are the time and collection costs of the farmers or the wages paid to a contracted employee for collecting food leftovers from the institutions. 4. Poultry farmers sell most of their eggs directly to consumers who come to the farms. The selling price is lower than supermarkets or retailers in the city but higher than the wholesale prices of co-operatives. This selling is one of advantages of farmers situated in the large urban area. 5. Funabashi city used to be an important Tokyo agricultural area which produced and supplied milk, hogs, and eggs in addition to fresh leafy vegetables. In 1960 there were 113 dairy farmers milking 601 cows, 363 pig farmers with 1, 032 hoge and 1, 834 poultry farmers with 28, 500 hens. During the period of higher economic growth, number of animals increased while the number of farmers fell, 113 dairy farmers decreased to 25 with 790 milk cows, 363

公開者 千葉大学園芸学部
コンテンツの種類 紀要論文 Departmental Bulletin Paper
DCMI資源タイプ text
ファイル形式 application/pdf
ハンドルURL http://mitizane.ll.chiba-u.jp/meta-bin/mt-pdetail.cgi?cd=00026247
ISSN 0069-3227
NCID AN00142658
掲載誌情報 千葉大学園芸学部学術報告 Vol.39 page.77-91 (19870330)
フルテキストへのリンク http://mitizane.ll.chiba-u.jp/metadb/up/AN00142658/KJ00004280897.pdf
情報源 The technical bulletin of Faculty of Horticulture, Chiba University
言語 日本語
著者版フラグ publisher


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